Friday, August 17, 2018

6.5R in Flores Sea

A 6.5R event was reported in the Sea of Flores, Indonesia.It was expected yesterday, within our +-1 day window.

MagnitudeMw 6.5
Date time2018-08-17 15:35:02.3 UTC
Location7.36 S ; 119.81 E
Depth546 km
Distances249 km S of Makassar, Indonesia / pop: 1,322,000 / local time: 23:35:02.3 2018-08-17
140 km N of Komodo, Indonesia / pop: 2,000 / local time: 23:35:02.3 2018-08-17

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Wednesday, August 15, 2018

4.4R in S. California <--As predicted

A 4.4R earthquake has been reported early on 15th August in S. California 7km from Aguanga. We were expecting a fairly strong event according to our methods.

MagnitudeMw 4.4
Date time2018-08-15 01:24:26.3 UTC
Location33.48 N ; 116.80 W
Depth2 km
Distances91 km N of San Diego, United States / pop: 1,308,000 / local time: 18:24:26.3 2018-08-14
76 km SE of Riverside, United States / pop: 304,000 / local time: 18:24:26.3 2018-08-14
7 km NE of Aguanga, United States / pop: 1,200 / local time: 18:24:26.3 2018-08-14

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Death Toll From Indonesia Earthquake Passes 430

JAKARTA, Indonesia) — The death toll from the earthquake that rocked the Indonesian island of Lombok a week ago has passed 430 and the government is estimating economic losses will exceed several hundred million dollars.
The national disaster agency said Monday the Aug. 5 quake killed 436 people, most of whom died in collapsing buildings.
It said damage to homes, infrastructure and other property is at least 5 trillion rupiah ($342 million), calling that a temporary figure that will rise as more assessments are made. The agency said rebuilding will cost hundreds of millions of dollars.
The magnitude 7.0 quake flattened thousands of homes and according to the disaster agency’s latest estimate has displaced about 350,000 people.
“The damage and losses are very large,” said disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho.
“When all data has been collected later, the amount will be greater. It needs trillions of rupiah (hundreds of millions of dollars) for rehabilitation and reconstruction. It will take time to restore community life and economic development,” he said.
Nugroho said damaged roads were hindering access to isolated mountainous areas and helicopters had been deployed by the disaster agency, the military and the search and rescue agency to distribute aid.
Lombok, a popular but less developed tourist destination than neighboring Bali, was hit by three strong quakes in little over a week and has endured more than 500 aftershocks.
A July 29 quake killed 16 people. An aftershock measuring magnitude 5.9 on Thursday caused panic, more damage and more than two dozen injuries.
Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because of its location on the “Ring of Fire,” an arc of volcanoes and fault lines in the Pacific Basin. In December 2004, a massive magnitude 9.1 earthquake off Sumatra triggered a tsunami that killed 230,000 people in a dozen countries.
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Tuesday, August 14, 2018

4.9R in Italy <--As predicted

A 4.9R earthquake has just been reported in Southern Italy 35km from Compobasso, in Italy. The earthquake was felt  in Bari and also in Pescari, 80km from the Epicenter. We were expecting this s can be seen from our prediction calendar.

Magnitudemb 4.9
Date time2018-08-14 21:48:32.0 UTC
Location41.87 N ; 14.74 E
Depth10 km
Distances187 km E of Roma, Italy / pop: 2,564,000 / local time: 23:48:32.0 2018-08-14
35 km N of Campobasso, Italy / pop: 50,800 / local time: 23:48:32.0 2018-08-14

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6.1R in South Sandwich Islands Region

A 6.1R in S. Sandwich Isalnds was reported this morning. We were expecting this a little earlier, yesterday, but it came early this morning.

MagnitudeMw 6.1
Date time2018-08-14 03:29:52.4 UTC
Location58.17 S ; 25.34 W
Depth30 km
Distances3452 km SE of Montevideo, Uruguay / pop: 1,271,000 / local time: 00:29:52.4 2018-08-14
3581 km SE of Buenos Aires, Argentina / pop: 13,077,000 / local time: 00:29:52.4 2018-08-14
4336 km SE of Santiago, Chile / pop: 4,838,000 / local time: 00:29:52.4 2018-08-14

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Monday, August 13, 2018

6.4 earthquake hits Alaska, no reports of injuries or damage

A 6.4 magnitude earthquake hit a remote part of Alaska on Sunday, according to the US Geological Survey.
There have been no reports of injuries to people, or damage to places or pipelines, after the quake on Alaska's North Slope, according to the University of Alaska Fairbanks' Alaska Earthquake Center.
The tiny town of Kaktovik is closest to the epicenter, about 52 miles away.
There were several strong aftershocks following the quake, according to USGS data and the earthquake center. The earthquake was felt as far as Fairbanks, the earthquake center said.
Read more..

Sunday, August 12, 2018

6.1R in Alaska

A very powerful 6.1R Earthquake has been reported unusually in Northern Alsaka, at the position shown in the map.
In the previous post we did say we expected tonight some strong earthquakes and it seems this is one.

Magnitudemb 6.1
Date time2018-08-12 14:58:54.6 UTC
Location69.70 N ; 145.22 W
Depth2 km
Distances2566 km N of Vancouver, Canada / pop: 1,838,000 / local time: 07:58:54.6 2018-08-12
465 km E of Barrow, United States / pop: 4,300 / local time: 06:58:54.6 2018-08-12
134 km SE of Prudhoe Bay, United States / pop: 2,200 / local time: 06:58:54.6

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The amount of magma in the Long Valley Caldera, a Californian Super-volcano, is so large it could releases 140 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere during its next eruption

A SUPER-VOLCANO in California which erupted with devastating results hundreds of thousands of years ago has a vast reservoir of semi-molten magma measuring a staggering 240 cubic MILES, a new study has suggested. The amount of magma in the Long Valley Caldera is so large it could support an eruption equivalent to the massive one which occurred 767,000 years ago, which released 140 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. y comparison, the 1980 Mount St Helens eruption resulted in the release of 0.29 cubic miles.
While the Long Valley Caldera is unlikely to blow anytime soon, the report, written by scientists from the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the University of California, and the University of Rhode Island, said: “We can conclude the mid-crustal reservoir is still melt-rich. We estimate the reservoir currently contains enough melt to support another super eruption comparable in size to the caldera-forming eruption at 767 ka.

The Long Valley Caldera is one of the Earth’s largest calderas, measuring about 20 miles long, 11 miles wide and up to 3,000 feet (910 m) deep. After four strong earthquakes shook the Long Valley area in 1980, USGS scientists also detected evidence of renewed volcanic unrest in the region. They subsequently found that the central part of caldera was slowly rising.

A fact sheet issued by the USGS states: “Because such ground deformation and earthquakes are common precursors of volcanic eruptions, the USGS has continued to closely monitor the unrest in this region. It is natural to wonder when and where the next volcanic eruption might occur in the Long Valley area. Geologic processes generally proceed at a slow pace, and when viewed on the scale of a human lifetime, volcanic eruptions and destructive earthquakes happen rarely. Nevertheless, the long history of volcanic activity in the Long Valley area indicates that future eruptions will occur […]

long valley caldera, long valley caldera update, long valley caldera supervolcano update
When an eruption does break out in the Long Valley area, its impact will depend on the location, size, and type of eruption, as well as the wind direction. Also, an eruption during the winter months could melt heavy snow packs, generating mudflows and locally destructive flooding.

The Long Valley Caldera

Geologists have found that after its creation in the massive eruption 760,000 years ago, clusters of smaller volcanic eruptions have occurred in the caldera at roughly 200,000-year intervals. About 100,000 years ago, the most recent of these eruptions formed the Mammoth Knolls, low hills just north of the Town of Mammoth Lakes.

long valley caldera, long valley caldera update, long valley caldera supervolcano update
Simplified map of Long Valley Caldera. By USGS
Mammoth Mountain, a young volcano on the rim of Long Valley Caldera, was created by a series of eruptions which occurred between 220,000 and 50,000 years ago.
Volcanoes in the Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain, which extends from just south of Mammoth Mountain to the north shore of Mono Lake in Mono County, California, have erupted frequently over the course of the last 40,000 years.
During the last 5,000 years, an eruption has occurred somewhere along this chain every 250 to 700 years. The nearby Inyo Craters and associated lava domes were the result of a series of small to moderate eruptions 550 to 600 years ago, while the most recent eruptions along the volcanic chain took place about 250 years ago at Paoha Island in Mono Lake.

long valley caldera, long valley caldera update, long valley caldera supervolcano update
Long Valley Caldera, Yellowstone Caldera are superimposed.
A major eruption in the next 100 years is extremely unlikely, but a there is a greater than 50 percent chance of major eruption in the next few hundred thousand years. Of course, scientists added to their new report: THERE IS NO NEED TO START PANICKING RIGHT NOW
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Perfections-Tomorrow 13th August 2018

As we pass the eclipse period, it is interesting to note three important aspect perfecting tomorrow.
  • The first is SATURN TRINE URANUS and the other
 All the above aspects can be triggered tomorrow and we could see some good earthquakes coming along especially from tonight.

Read more..

Kerala hit by worst floods in almost 100 years, facing worst in history, India

India's state of Kerala is on high alert after worst floods in almost 100 years continue taking lives.
8 of Kerala's 14 districts are on high alert as the death toll reached 37, officials said August 11. They described the floods as the worst in almost 100 years. However, they might soon become the worst in history.
Hundreds of homes have been destroyed and more than 31 000 people forced to evacuate, according to the Kerala State Disaster Management Authority's (KSDMA) control room in state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The army has been called in to help with rescue efforts.
One government official told Reuters that crops across 26 824 ha (66 283 acres), worth more than $67 million USD, have been destroyed since the rains started on May 29.
Meanwhile, anticipating a drastic dangerous rise in water levels, shutters of 25 dams across the state were opened for the first time. In addition, for the first time in 40 years, all five shutters of the Idukki dam were opened. This is one of the largest arch dams in Asia.
Kerala's worst floods in known history took place in 1924.
IMD expects heavy rains to continue until next Wednesday, leaving the low-lying coastal areas particularly vulnerable.
Read more..

Morning Earthquake Review

A good morning to you all! A brief review of the earthquake activity this morning shows with the aid of the above list that we are having a quiet mrning. We had a lot of successful predictions over the last few days and yesterdays solar eclipse was relatively uneventful as we expected. This morning we already have a few good predictions even on coordinates of epicenters. See this older post where we predicted for today's activity. It is early yet to conclude but the good news is the day is quiet, and the other good news is we predict reasonably well. Be Safe Be Good

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Saturday, August 11, 2018

Indonesia earthquake: Death toll jumps to 387

The death toll from the major earthquake that hammered the Indonesian island of Lombok rose to 387 on Saturday.
The 6.9-magnitude quake last Sunday injured more than 13,000 people, left more than 387,000 people displaced, and damaged thousands of buildings.
"It's predicted the death toll will continue to grow because there are still victims who are suspected of being buried by landslides and under rubble, and there are victims that have not been recorded and reported," national disaster agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said.
Most deaths occurred in the north of Lombok, where 334 people died and more than 200,000 people were forced out of damaged homes.
According to Sutopo, the emergency response period has been extended another 14 days.
"The main problem is the distribution of supplies to thousands of refugee points," he said. "Most of the roads in north Lombok were damaged by the earthquake."
Fears over continuing aftershocks persist in Lombok, with 450 having been registered since Sunday.
A humanitarian crisis is looming with hundreds of thousands left homeless and in desperate need of clean water, food, medicine and shelter.
Earthquake-prone region                                                                                                                                                                                              
According to scientists from NASA and the California Institute of Technology's rapid-imaging project, the earthquake lifted the island as much as 25 centimetres in some areas. In other places, the ground dropped five-15cm.
NASA said satellite observations can help authorities respond to earthquakes and other natural or man-made disasters.
Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because of its location in the Ring of Fire, an arc of volcanoes and fault lines in the Pacific Basin.
In December 2004, a magnitude-9.1 earthquake off Sumatra island triggered a massive tsunami that killed 230,000 people in a dozen countries across the Indian Ocean.
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5.1R in Albania

A powerful 5.1R earthquake has just been reported in ALBANIA. This waasonly 10km from Burrel.
No further news at the moment, but many people got terrified, reading from testimonials.

Magnitudemb 5.1
Date time2018-08-11 15:38:34.6 UTC
Location41.58 N ; 20.12 E
Depth10 km
Distances38 km NE of Tirana, Albania / pop: 375,000 / local time: 17:38:34.6 2018-08-11
10 km E of Burrel, Albania / pop: 15,500 / local time: 17:38:34.6 2018-08-11

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At least 29 people dead more than 3 million deaths of livestock vegetable prices doubled due to record breaking heat wave in South Korea

At least 29 people have died due to heatstroke in South Korea and more than 2 200 suffered heat-related conditions, as prolonged and record-breaking heatwave engulfs the country.
The Korean Meteorological Administration (KMA) said the country is undergoing an extended heat wave, with at least 15 days of temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F).
Capital Seoul recorded 39.6 °C (103.2 °F) on Wednesday, August 1, 2018, making it the hottest day the city has seen in 111 years.
The town of Hongcheon, in the northeastern province of Gangwon, recorded a record high of 41 °C (105.8 °F) on the same day, the highest temperature in South Korea since records began in 1904.
By August 5, 60% of the country recorded the hottest weather in the country's modern history.
The heat's been continuing after dark and into the mornings, causing what meteorologists call "tropical nights."
Authorities reported more than 3 million deaths of livestock, while vegetable prices doubled due to supplies being affected.
Temperatures eased up on August 5 and 6, with showers in some regions.
It'll be a little cooler from now on, especially in the morning, meteorologists said.
In neighbouring North Korea, state newspaper Rodong Sinmun said that this year's high temperatures are an unprecedented natural disaster.
The North Korean government has called on its people to wage an 'all-out battle' against a record heatwave as the country's already fragile crops face drought and the authorities struggle to respond.
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Earthquakes: Why some natural disasters are more deadly than others

I am a scientist who spent my life studying disasters. From the statistics controlling the timing of earthquake clusters, to leading a team to model the likely social and economic impacts of an extreme flood, I have endeavoured to understand how natural disasters become human catastrophes.
Through studies of older events and models of future ones, we find that the problems are only partly scientific or technological. The human dimension, the planning, the response and the social dynamics, often determine the ability of societies to survive the Big One, the natural disaster so large that it threatens the functioning of society itself.
This time, the disaster is playing out in Indonesia, one of the most complex tectonic environments at the intersection of four tectonic plates. The sequence this month has been near or on a shallow fault system called the Flores Back Arc thrust. This means the fault is on land and near the Earth’s surface, so people are very near the source of the shaking. If it were offshore and deeper, everyone would receive less shaking. Without earthquake resistant construction, being near an earthquake above magnitude 6 is often deadly.
In natural disasters, the poor suffer more than the rich. They are more likely to be in substandard buildings and therefore receive more damage but they also have fewer resources to cope with the aftermath. In Indonesia, we are seeing many collapsed buildings. Buildings can be built to withstand earthquakes but this costs more. The increased costs can be small, but the benefit is hidden until the earthquake occurs. It may take a back seat to immediate housing needs or desire for short-term profits.
So far, three earthquakes above magnitude 5.9 have occurred. This type of “earthquake triggering” is also very common. Every earthquake makes another earthquake more likely. About 1 out of every 20 times, one of the aftershocks will be bigger than the mainshock. We then change the name and call the first one a foreshock. Aftershocks will be continuing for months or even years and more of them could be large enough to be damaging.
We see the pictures from Lombok Indonesia this week after a series of large earthquakes and recognise the terror of dying in a natural disaster, when the earth itself is no longer steady.
Most people are afraid for their lives in a natural disaster, but your chances of dying are very small. Even in the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79 that buried Pompeii deep in volcanic ash, 90 per cent of the victims got out alive. With the advances in engineering and building construction, our odds have gotten better.
Ten years ago, I led a team at the United States Geological Survey to model with the best science what would happen to southern California in a big earthquake on the San Andreas fault. Our estimate of casualties is 1,800 dead – out of 20 million residents. The chances of living are 99.99 per cent. A Californian is hundreds of times more likely to die in an automobile crash than in an earthquake.
Instead of worrying about dying in a natural disaster, you should be worried about living after a natural disaster. In all of our disaster scenarios, we found that the business disruption from lack of utilities caused economic losses over the next few months as large as what happened in the disaster itself.
Before the great earthquake in 1906 destroyed it, San Francisco was the only city that mattered on the west coast of the United States. The decade after that earthquake was the largest growth decade in the history of Los Angeles, as people abandoned San Francisco and came south.
The terrible Lisbon earthquake of 1755 is the largest natural disaster to have struck Europe. It destroyed most of the buildings in Lisbon and many smaller towns, killed many tens of thousands of people, permanently changed the Portuguese economy. From a major colonial power, Portugal shrank to a much smaller player on the global stage.
Just about every major city in the world is at risk from natural disasters. We build our cities near the ocean that brings us trade – and hurricanes. We build near rivers for water and transportation – and must cope with the floods. The risk is growing as our cities become more complex. Modern urban life depends on systems, including communication systems, transportation systems, power grids, and water and sewage systems.
Whereas only 14 per cent of the world’s population lived in cities at the beginning of the 20th century, now over half the world or almost 4 billion people live in the world’s cities. A century ago, when a sewer pipe broke in an earthquake, you dug a latrine in your backyard. In modern Los Angeles, the loss of the sewer system in an earthquake is a potentially deadly public health crisis.
Systems fail where they are already weak. The damaged levee is the one that will fail in a flood. Similarly, the human systems fail at their weakest points. A community whose people know and care about each other is the one that will pull through. A community divided, whose ideas of preparedness involve procuring guns or fortified bunkers, is at risk.
The future is largely unknowable. We can see patterns and assess likelihoods, but time travels in only one direction. We cannot know which of the Earth’s many cities will experience their big one in our lifetimes. But we can say with confidence that it will happen somewhere.
How that city will recover will be determined by its people and how they can pull together and care for each other.

Dr Lucy Jones is the author of

The Big Ones: How Natural Disasters Shaped Us And What We Can Do About Them

(Icon Books, £12.99)
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Indonesia earthquake lifted Lombok by 25 centimetres, scientists say

Scientists say the powerful Indonesian earthquake that killed more than 300 people has lifted the island it struck by as much as 25 centimetres.
Using satellite images of Lombok from the days following the August 5 earthquake, scientists from NASA and the California Institute of Technology's joint rapid imaging project made a ground deformation map and measured changes in the island's surface.
In the northwest of the island near the epicentre, the rupturing fault-line lifted the earth by a quarter of a metre. In other places it dropped by 5 to 15 centimetres..
About 270,000 people are homeless or displaced after the earthquake, which damaged and destroyed about 68,000 homes.
NASA said satellite observations could help authorities respond to earthquakes and other natural or man-made disasters.
Nearly a week since the earthquake, Lombok is still reeling but glimmers of normality are returning and devout villagers are making plans for temporary replacements of mosques that were flattened.
In Tanjung, one of the worst-affected districts in the hard-hit north of the island, a food market has opened. Some shops also opened for business despite being in damaged buildings.
Lombok, a popular and less developed tourist destination than neighbouring Bali, was hit by three strong earthquakes in little over a week and has endured more than 500 aftershocks.
Motorists ride past buildings ruined by Sunday's earthquake in Pamenang. Photo: The earthquake damaged and destroyed about 68,000 homes. (AP: Fauzy Chaniago)

A July 29 earthquake killed 16 people. An aftershock measuring magnitude-5.9 on Thursday caused panic, more damage and more than two dozen injuries.
Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because of its location on an arc of volcanoes and fault-lines in the Pacific Basin.
In December 2004, a magnitude-9.1 earthquake off Sumatra triggered a tsunami that killed 230,000 people in a dozen countries.
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Planetary Aspects Today 11th August 2018. SOLAR ECLIPSE

Today, 11th August 2018, the day od the Partial Solar Eclipse, se see a number of Geocentric Planetary Aspect taking place. The above chart is illustrating the aspects.
  • Sun conjunct Moon and Moon ha done a conjunction with the N Node PARTIALSOLAR ECLIPSE
  • The other major aspect is MERCURY retro SQUARE JUPITER which has perfected today.
  • The Sun is also quincunx to Pluto
  • Pallas is sesquisquare to Saturn which is trining to Uranus.
  • And to seal the rough weather at seas Neptune is quincunx to the Moon, and Pallas, while at the same time semisquare to Mars retro. Neptune is being cornered and should stay with rough seas for now.
I do not expect major events today since the yesterday 6R event. We will continue with double earthquakes and 5-6R range of earthquakes in my opinion.

You can read about our methodology here.


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4.6R in Eastern Iran.

A 4.6R was reported this morning in Eastern Iran, 75km from Zahedan, Iran. The epicenter location is shown at the red dot in the map below. The map above shows our predicted stress points in Iran and the encircled point is exactly the epicenterof the earthquake.

Magnitudemb 4.6
Date time2018-08-11 04:03:34.1 UTC
Location30.16 N ; 60.74 E
Depth10 km
Distances689 km S of Mashhad, Iran, Islamic Republic of / pop: 2,308,000 / local time: 08:33:34.1 2018-08-11
75 km N of Zāhedān, Iran, Islamic Republic of / pop: 552,000 / local time: 08:33:34.1

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Friday, August 10, 2018

6.1R in Kuril Islands As expected.

A powerful 6.1R was reported this evening as expected in the Kuril Islands in Japan.

Magnitudemb 6.1
Date time2018-08-10 18:12:04.6 UTC
Location48.49 N ; 154.86 E
Depth10 km
Distances1209 km NE of Sapporo-shi, Japan / pop: 1,884,000 / local time: 03:12:04.6 2018-08-11
573 km SW of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Russian Federation / pop: 188,000 / local time: 06:12:04.6 2018-08-11
260 km S of Severo-Kuril’sk, Russian Federation / pop: 2,500 / local time: 05:12:04.6

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A 'Swarm' of 153 Earthquakes Hit the Region Around Yellowstone in July

  • Scientists are currently working to better understand Yellowstone in the hopes of predicting its next eruption

Yellowstone National Park was struck by 'a swarm' of 153 mini earthquakes last month, according to the latest data from the University of Utah Seismograph Station.

The largest of these quakes recorded a magnitude of 2.5 on the Richter magnitude scale, which is not enough to cause damage to buildings, but shakes the ground enough to be felt by people in the area.

Below the Yellowstone National Park is a simmering supervolcano.

When it last blew 630,000 years ago, the enormous volcano produced one of the largest known blasts on Earth –  spewing more than 2,000 times as much ash as Mount St Helens did when it erupted in 1980 and killed 57 people.
However, experts have said the latest sequence of earthquakes recorded in the Yellowstone area is not an immediate cause for concern.

The alert level is the area remains at ‘normal.’

According to data from the University of Utah Seismograph Station, which analyses the Yellowstone Seismic Network, the largest quake struck on July 4 2018 at 7:09 PM local time.

It was part of a sequence of 12 separate earthquakes located around eight miles east southeast of West Thumb in Wyoming that occurred between 2 - 10 July.

'A larger sequence of 77 earthquakes occurred around 14 miles south-southwest of Mammoth, Wyoming, during July 16–27', researchers wrote.

'The largest earthquake of this swarm was a micro earthquake of magnitude 2.3 on July 24 at 8:40 PM'.

Experts say that earthquake sequences such as this are common and account for around 50 per cent of the total seismic activity in the Yellowstone region.

'Yellowstone earthquake activity remains at background levels,' researchers wrote.

Yellowstone Volcano Observatory scientists are also continuing to assist colleagues in Hawaiʻi with the response to the ongoing crisis at Kīlauea Volcano.

Vast eruptions from the Yellowstone Volcano occurred 2.2 million, 1.3 million and 630,000 years ago.

While it hasn't blown its top for more than 600,000 years, scientists are working to better understand Yellowstone in the hopes of predicting the next eruption.

Last month, a fissure opened up in Grand Tenton National Park just 60 miles (100km) from the Yellowstone volcano, prompting officials to immediately close the area.

Experts detected expanding cracks in the rock buttress, which were being closely monitored by geologists for movement. 

'The Hidden Falls and Inspiration Point areas are currently closed due to elevated potential for rockfall,' the statement from a spokesperson for the Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming read.

The Hidden Falls is 100-foot (30-metre) waterfall near the eastern end of Cascade Canyon and Inspiration Point is a stop on a trek overlooking Jenny Lake.

'The area was closed to protect human safety on July 10 after expanding cracks in a rock buttress were detected.

'Geologists are monitoring the buttress for movement and have initiated a risk assessment for the area.'

In June, it was revealed scientists have devised a new way to find out how quickly magma is building up beneath the Yellowstone supervolcano.

The technique allows experts to accurately estimate the amount of magma entering the supervolcano from deep beneath Earth's crust in a process known as recharging.

While the new method does not allow scientists to predict when Yellowstone will erupt, it could help to better understand how the volcano replenishes its deadly magma stores. Follow us: @GeologyTime on Twitter
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A Look Back at Asia's Most Devastating Earthquakes

On Aug. 5, a 6.9-magnitude earthquake ruptured the northern reaches of the Indonesian island of Lombok, killing at least 319 people, displacing more than 160,000, destroying tens of thousands of homes, and burying villagers beneath the rubble of mosques and other structures. The disaster struck exactly one week after a foreshock clocked in with a strength of 6.4-magnitude and left 20 people dead.
Lombok, which is especially popular among tourists visiting the tropical Gili Islands off its northwestern coast, lies in the center of the Indonesian archipelago, where thousands of volcano-pocked isles mark the western periphery of the Pacific Ring of Fire. This horseshoe-shaped strip curves loosely from the waters east of Australia, over maritime Southeast Asia, up the coasts of China and Russia, and down the west coast of the Americas from Alaska to Chile. Roughly 81% of the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded happened along this volatile rim.
The Lombok earthquakes, while disastrous, were nowhere near as destructive as some of Asia’s earlier shocks. But scenes of villagers in mourning, rescuers scrambling through debris, hordes of tourists crowded on a beach, desperate to escape their idyllic destination — all serve as a reminder that this region of the world is a hotbed of seismic activity that can quickly turn tragic. With cities, dams and other infrastructure built atop some of the world’s most active faults, six of the ten deadliest quakes in recorded history happened in Asia, as did many of the most costly. Here’s a look at back at some of the most devastating temblors ever to strike the continent.

The 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake, China

More than 830,000 people died in the days after Jan. 23, 1556, when central China was struck by the deadliest earthquake ever recorded.
With an epicenter in the Wei River Valley, the 8-magnitude quake reverberated throughout 10 provinces — even damaging buildings in cities hundreds of miles away. It may have killed about 60% of the population in some of the worst hit counties. The horrific death toll is largely due to the collapse of several cliffs in the Loess Plateau, where many people lived in “house caves” called yaodongs. These traditional hillside dwellings, carved into the earth to create temperate caverns, crumbled to dust as the mountains shook. Landslides wiped away entire settlements.
The rupture is often referred to as the “Jiajing Great Earthquake,” a reference to the eponymous emperor of the Ming Dynasty who ruled at the time. It would be impossible to calculate the damage by modern monetary values, but its cost of human life is unmatched. Another devastating temblor struck the neighboring province of Ningxia in 1920, however, killing more than 200,000 people and making it among China’s deadliest disasters.

The 1934 Nepal-Bihar Earthquake

Some six miles south of Mount Everest, the earth began to rumble on the afternoon of Jan. 15, 1934. Little was left in the wake of Nepal’s worst recorded earthquake, a powerful 8.1-magnitude, that leveled most of three major cities in the Kathmandu Valley and tore through parts of North and Northeast India. An estimated 10,700 to 12,000 people were killed by the quake that severed hundreds of miles of terrain from Bihar to Assam.
Surrounded by rubble near the Nepali capital, one structure remained remarkably intact: the Temple of Pashupati, the nation’s guardian deity, was reportedly untouched. Elsewhere, sand and water rose up from fissures in the ground, softening a 186-mile stretch of land to a soup now known as the “slump belt.” Some accounts describe buildings sinking down into the mud and floating away from their foundations.
Most of the deaths were in northern India’s Bihar, where 7,253 people reportedly died. Mahatma Gandhi visited affected areas shortly after. His reflections on the tragedy, which he characterized as divine retribution for India’s caste system, sparked a moral debate about the status and treatment of what he termed harijans, the lowest class in Indian society more commonly known as Dalits or “untouchables.”
The disaster was chronicled in a book by Major General Brahma Shamsher titled The Great Earthquake of Nepal 1990 (the country’s calendar is 56 years ahead of Gregorian dates), reportedly first published in 1935. His compilation of first-hand accounts and unparalleled details about the Nepalese Army’s relief efforts were republished in the wake of Nepal’s devastating 2015 quake.

The 1976 Tangshan Earthquake, China

Most of Tangshan was fast asleep when the world came crashing down around them. At 3:43 a.m. on July 28, 1976, the industrial city in northeastern China’s Hebei Province was struck by a 7.6-magnitude quake that wiped out more than a third of its entire population. The official death toll rests around 242,000, though by some estimates fatalities may have reached 655,000, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.
The aftermath of the devastating earthquake of July 28, 1976 that hit Tangshan in the eastern part of Hebei Province, China.
The aftermath of the devastating earthquake of July 28, 1976 that hit Tangshan in the eastern part of Hebei Province, China.
Sovfoto—UIG/Getty Images
News of the event traveled slowly, and so did relief. Railroads, bridges and highways were rendered impassable, and survivors later recalled being trapped under mounds of bricks waiting to be saved. Roughly 80% of the buildings citywide were said to have been flattened or severely damaged; the extent of destruction largely attributed to Tangshan’s complete unpreparedness for catastrophe despite its being built directly atop a known active fault line.
Seismic shifts were also taking place within the ruling Communist Party of China at the time disaster struck; just months prior, the death of Premier Zhou Enlai precipitated a leadership scramble as party Chairman Mao Zedong’s health deteriorated and his Cultural Revolution was in its last act. Mao died about six weeks after the earthquake, and his successor Hua Guofeng preemptively seized on the issue to consolidate support, reportedly making a personal visit in early August.
Chinese officials rejected assistance from abroad and international media was not allowed access. According to a report published by TIME 23 years after the tragedy, the leftist political faction latched onto the crisis to reinforce their authority:

They refused offers of aid from international organizations and launched a campaign entitled Resist the Earthquake, Rescue Ourselves. Doctors and soldiers were sent in from all over the country. Injured residents were evacuated, often to distant hospitals, while provincial governments sheltered thousands of orphaned children. Temporary shanties sprang up throughout the devastated city and beyond. An infant born on the day of the disaster was famously named Xiedang: Thank you, party.
Nonetheless, the years that followed were beset by political rivalries that led to the downfall of the Maoist Gang of Four, the end of the Cultural Revolution and the resumption of power by reformist Deng Xiaopeng.
The Tangshan earthquake was the subject of a 2006 novel by Zhang Ling titled Aftershock, later adapted to the silver screen by director Feng Xiaogang. The film’s revised narrative followed the lead characters’ lives several decades down the line, when another calamitous quake hit central China’s Sichuan Province.

The 2001 Gujarat Earthquake, India

It had happened several times before, but the tremors of 1819 and 1956 paled in comparison to the 7.6-magnitude shock that felled swaths of the fast-growing state of Gujarat on Jan. 26, 2001. At least 20,000 people are believed to have died and hundreds of thousands of buildings destroyed in the strongest earthquake to strike the westernmost state of India in almost a century.
The district of Bhuj was hardest hit, some 12 miles away from the epicenter. Nearby rural villages were reportedly completely flattened, and some believe the death toll to be higher than official estimates because it was common for some poor villagers to live their entire lives without ever being officially recognized by the government; no birth certificate, no identification card, no record of ever existing. TIME reported from the scene in the days after the quake that there was “no escaping stench of dead and burning flesh,” as bodies were quickly burned to prevent the spread of disease.

The main road from the airport has a 12-inch gash in the middle, and every so often, the ground still heaves. Along the road, the remnants of houses lie broken. There are piles of chopped wood, in preparation for the mass cremation in the evening when more bodies have been pulled out of the rubble. People are living on the streets, the women inside makeshift enclosures of tied sheets or saris.

A homeless family waits for a vehicle on Jan. 27, 2001 against a backdrop of ruined houses and a funeral pyre, in the village of Boundi in Bhuj district in Gujarat.
A homeless family waits for a vehicle on Jan. 27, 2001 against a backdrop of ruined houses and a funeral pyre, in the village of Boundi in Bhuj district in Gujarat.
Arko Datta—AFP/Getty Images
Passersby look at a destroyed building on Jan. 29, 2001, where they used live in the town of Bhuj, in India's Gujarat state.
Passersby look at a destroyed building on Jan. 29, 2001, where they used live in the town of Bhuj, in India's Gujarat state.
Arko Datta—AFP/Getty Images

The 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami, Sumatra, Indonesia

Nineteen miles below sea level in the early hours of Dec. 26, 2004, a 9.1-magnitude earthquake shook the seas near the coast of Sumatra, in the northwestern reaches of the Indonesian archipelago. Over the days that followed, shockwaves caused by the quake slammed into shorelines as far afield as South Africa, some 5,300 miles away.
Fishermen manning their boats in the waters near Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and elsewhere saw the tides being sucked into the sea. Not long after, waves as high as 100 feet overhead came rushing toward the coastlines, turning cities into swamps full of corpses and sodden debris.
Tsunami survivor Paphun Somsri of Thailand returns to the destroyed seaside hotel where she used to work, in Khao Lak, Thailand on Jan. 7, 2005
Tsunami survivor Paphun Somsri of Thailand returns to the destroyed seaside hotel where she used to work, in Khao Lak, Thailand on Jan. 7, 2005
Andrew Wong—Getty Images
More than 227,000 people were declared dead or missing in the weeks after the tragedy that affected 14 countries across two continents. One week after the tsunami struck, as survivors on disparate coasts sifted through wreckage for remains, a fisherman named Bustami from the Sumatran village of Bosun described the event to TIME:

At first, Bustami saw water retreat from shore, with fish jumping around on the empty beaches. Then, he says, “I heard this strange thunderous sound from somewhere, a sound I’d never heard before. I thought it was the sound of bombs.” The water rose behind him as high as the coconut trees on the shoreline, and he was thrown off his boat. “It felt like doomsday,” says Bustami, who, after clinging to a coconut tree, was eventually picked up by a soldier three hours later, almost 2 miles away from where he had lost his boat.
No other tsunami in recorded history was as deadly, with victims from all over the world counted among the casualties. Waves wiped out villages, cities, luxury getaways, schools and hospitals. Survivors clung to palm trees as sweeping floodwaters rushed past full of broken glass, car parts and corpses. When the waters slowed and receded, survivors and rescuers trudged through the waterlogged wreckage sometimes to find they were standing on top of dead bodies. Mangroves, coral reefs and marine life were wrecked, leaving a lasting mark on the environment and regional economies.
But the legacy of the tsunami transcended its path of destruction. Governments throughout the world pooled together some $14 billion in aid for affected regions. Shorelines rebuilt in the following years were marked with warnings, signs pointing to pathways toward higher ground, and an Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System came online in 2006. “I didn’t know what a tsunami was… nobody did,” a survivor in the Thai resort town of Khao Lak told TIME ten years later. Today, they know.

The 2008 Sichuan Earthquake, China

A decade on, the earthquake that rocked China’s Sichuan province on May 12, 2008, still looms large in the nation’s memory. While the 7.9-magnitude earthquake didn’t break records in terms of its strength, it left behind a devastating impact on the loss of human life and a prolonged aftermath.
More than 87,000 people were reported killed and missing, as well as 4.8 million rendered homeless from the quake’s destruction. In terms of economic losses, the quake was the second highest in absolute numbers in history, and was one of the few instances in recent history where China requested international aid and assistance to help with the mammoth recovery effort, with an estimated $137.5 billion spent on rebuilding the affected areas.
As the Chinese government responded to the disaster under international media scrutiny, questions surfaced about the poor infrastructure in the affected region. According to UNICEF, more than 18,000 schools across Sichuan and neighboring Gansu province were damaged as the earthquake struck in the afternoon on a school day, killing thousands of children. Allegations quickly arose that shoddy construction was to blame for the quake’s effect on schools, and that corrupt local officials had permitted the neglect of building safety regulations. Scientists have also suggested that a nearby hydropower dam may have affected the timing and intensity of the quake through a phenomenon known as Reservoir-Induced Seismicity.
One year on from the quake in May 2009, TIME spoke to prominent Chinese artist and activist Ai Weiwei, who strongly advocated for the parents of children killed in the tragedy. As TIME reported:

Ai’s interest in the issue began when he visited the earthquake zone weeks after the event and saw firsthand the suffering of its victims and particularly of those who had lost children. He began to write extensively about the issue on his blog — already one of the country’s most popular — and soon found readers volunteering to help him in an attempt to record the exact number of students who had been killed. It’s a project Ai says he will continue until “we find the last name, or I am dead.”
Official counts were not released until one year on from the quake, placing the number of student deaths at 5,335. However, parents and activists disputed its accuracy, arguing that the figure was closer to 10,000.
The tenth anniversary of the tragedy was marked earlier this year, with reports suggesting that the Chinese government highlighted more positive repercussions of the quake, such as praising the army’s response and the spirit of the volunteers that aided the recovery effort. But the impact of the earthquake in Sichuan and beyond is still profound, particularly for the parents still searching for answers and the survivors of the disaster.

The 2011 Tōhoku Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan

A magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck Japan’s northeastern coast and Tōhoku region on March 11, 2011, triggering a tsunami with catastrophic consequences. It was the fifth-largest quake in the world since 1900, and its power even impacted the earth’s gravitational field, rattling a satellite orbiting at the outer edge of Earth’s atmosphere.
The quake caused a tsunami which slammed Japan’s coastline with waves of more than 32 feet high, and travelled some 6.2 miles inland. Nearly 20,000 people were confirmed dead and 2,500 missing in the disaster. A third crisis erupted when the pressure levels at the region’s Fukushima nuclear power plant reached much higher than normal due to the forces of the tsunami waves. In the days following the quake, explosions at the plant led to the release of radiation in the surrounding areas and mass evacuations. In April, the crisis at Fukushima was raised to a level 7 disaster on the International Nuclear Event Scale, joining only one other event in this category: the 1986 disaster at the Chernobyl plant in the former Soviet Union.
As TIME reported from Japan one month on from the disaster:

…the country’s struggle between its technological heart and natural soul continues. Brave workers are racing to limit the dangers from the radiation-spewing Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, which was damaged by the natural disaster. Farmers near the radiation zone have been forced to dump tainted milk and produce. And fishermen can no longer depend on the ocean’s generosity since their boats were smashed into splinters.
The disaster remains the costliest earthquake in the world, with material damage estimated at about $300 billion according to CNN. More than 70,000 people remain displaced from their communities seven years on from the triple tragedy. Tokyo will play host to the 2020 Olympics, and the event’s organizing committee announced last month that the traditional Olympic torch relay will start from Fukushima to mark the events of 2011 and showcase the region’s recovery.

The 2015 Nepal Earthquake

It was no secret that Nepal was vulnerable to deadly disaster, and the 7.8-magnitude quake that struck near the district of Lamjung on April 24, 2015, proved decades of warnings tragically prescient. For about 50 seconds, the ground shook intensely and brought buildings tumbling down across the impoverished Himalayan countryside and through the heart of the capital.
Then came the aftershocks. A 6.9-magnitude tremor the following day triggered a landslide on nearby Mount Everest, killing 21 people in the single deadliest day on the world’s highest mountain. More than 150 others died when a second earthquake struck along the very same fault line on May 12, while rescuers were still trying to deliver assistance to those affected by the initial shock.
Nearly 9,000 people were killed in the disaster, and millions were made homeless in an instant. The remote locations of the hardest hit areas made rescue and relief operations extremely difficult, while most of those affected were already poor rural villagers with few services and little to no infrastructure.
A multinational relief effort was launched to assist Nepal, one of the poorest countries in Asia, with the gargantuan task of locating affected populations and providing medical assistance and clean water as the risk of infectious disease loomed large. But reconstruction proved the most difficult task in a country with low GDP, poor infrastructure and an inefficient bureaucracy; total damages have been estimated at 7 to 10 billion dollars.
One year after the quake, TIME visited the still devastated district of Sindhupalchok, finding little progress had been made. Ram Giri, a truck driver who lost his home and his job to the crisis, described his life in the wake of the catastrophe. The only work left for him, he said at the time, was a bit of manual labor here and there.
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Coupled Systems: Planetary Aspects for Today 10th August 2018

Just a day before the expected Partial Solar Eclipse, today we see some interesting aspects between the planets.
  • A strong retrograde Mars is conjunct with Black Moon at 0 degrees Aquarius. This is probably one of the strongest of the day. At the same time Mars, (this conjunction) is semisquare to Neptune. [This last Neptune aspect is the cause of many rough seas across the world.].Neptune in turn is quincunx to Mercury and Pallas conjunction. All in all this set of aspects smells bad weather increased windy weather and rough seas.
  • The other major circular set of aspects are, Jupiter square Mercury and Pallas conjunction, which in turn is sesquisquare to Chiron, Chiron is semisextile to Uranus, which in turn is quincunx to Venus, hence having a foot to another major circular aspect, described below.

  • We start with the Moon, Square Uranus, Uranus is Trine to Saturn, Saturn is Square to Venus, (here is the coupling to the previous set os aspects,) Venus is sextile to Moon back to the beginning. Interesting to see how this coupled syatem will evolve into earthquakes. 
  • Note also our FDL Method on Global Scale expects today strong event >6R. I wonder if this  event has been yesterday or it is to come today. Time will tell. Be safe be good!
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