Friday, February 24, 2017

6.9R in Fiji! <----As predicted


A 6.9R earthquake has just been registered in Fiji. We expected this event as posted.

agnitude

Mw 6.9
RegionSOUTH OF FIJI ISLANDS
Date time2017-02-24 17:28:44.1 UTC
Location23.25 S ; 178.86 W
Depth400 km
Distances444 km SW of Nuku‘alofa, Tonga / pop: 22,400 / local time: 06:28:44.1 2017-02-25
632 km SE of Suva, Fiji / pop: 77,400 / local time: 05:28:44.1 2017-02-25
1283 km SW of Apia, Samoa / pop: 40,500 / local time: 07:28:44.1 2017-02-25
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'Quake-Weather 27th February 2017': A Global Earthquake Review

In this and similar reports we will be examining the global "earthquake weather", and we will be reporting where on the world our technique shows higher probability of siesmic vulnerability. Although we can do this for each and every one country by now, due to time contraints, the nature of the research, (we will be testing variant ideas), we will be listing out a few across the world. We hope this is useful to you, and certainly it will help us improve our techniques.

Using our methods we can deduce that for 27th February 2017, the following quakeweather and the following regions appear to be vulnerable to siesmic activity. Our experience shows that the time event tolerance can be +-1 day, and therefore it is worth keeping the list for 2 days as an event in the list could sometimes materialise the next day and sometimes the late hours of the previous day.

GLOBAL QUAKEWEATHER OVERVIEW: 
New Moon Day yesterday and today we have action,  February 27th is a day where we expect an increase of earthquake activity compared to 26th February.   Notable Geocentric Aspects are Mars opposite Jupiter, Mercury opposite Node ans also semisquare Pluto.  Heliocentrically, we have EARTH sesquiquadrate Uranus, Venus trine Uranus.
The following are some coordinates we produced using our methods.

AMERICAS:
  • Oklahoma (37N, 97W)
  • California (37N, 122W)
  • Mexico (17N, 97W) (22N, 105.5W), (32N, 117W)
  • Peru (17N, 72.3W)
  • Chile (32.3S, 72W)
  • Alaska (57N, 157W)

EUROPE: Quiet really, we could see more activity perhaps in Greece 
  • Greece (37N, 22E, 27E)

ASIA/AUSTRALIA:   The possible countries which could come up are shown below. Not all of them I expect to fire up as we use a mix of predictive methods.
  • Philippines (17N, 122E)
  • Solomon Islands (7S, 157E)
  • PNG (7S,147E)
  • Taiwan (22N, 122E)
  • Japan (37N, 141.3E) 
  • N Zealand (37S, 177.5E )
  • Fiji (17.1S, 177.5E orW)
  • Tonga (22S, 177W)
  • Bangladesh (22N,  92E)
  • China (22N, 112E) 
  • Pakistan (27N, 67E) (22N, 67E)
  • NEPAL (27N, 87E)
  • Tajikistan (37N, 72E)
  • Kamtchatka (52N, 157E)



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Taiwan: Recent Clouds.


Taiwan also has interesting structure and agrees reasonably well with observed earthquakes recently.

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Philippines: Cloud scene

Philippines: Similarly the clouds over the last 12 days.


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Greece: Cloud Scene over the past 12 days

Similar to the previous post the cloud scene of Greece is much more interesting. we can see Crete has a very rich structure on daily basis.



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NEPAL's Kathmandu and East Cloud Scene.

We also use periodically clouds as an indicator of possible earhquake events as we have posted many times before. Clouds are hard to decipher but if possible then they can tell you also location which is useful. Here is the cloud scene of Kathmandu, (top left) and also the East of Nepal during 16th February to today 24th February. It seems Nepal maybe vulnerable on 27th February.

Thanks to NASA EOSDIS Worldview for the images


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Schumann's Resonances indicator



All calm and quiet from Schumann's point of view. (For now)!
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GOES Magnetometer goes low today!


This morning GOES Magnetometer registered nicely below 50nT indicating there should be a strong event coming over the next few days. We expect something according to out published calendar on 26th or 27th February.


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24th February today, let us look at our solar system!

Good Day to all of you! I hope the day has had a good start today for you all! 24th February and this month is nearly spent out! Only 4 days before march and Spring comes along! Today, and for the next two days we will see Mars approaching Uranus in a geocentric alignment. in Aries. Do be careful this one is all fiery! People may snap up and behave badly!! So be prepared, be strong. This alignment is also opposite Jupiter. Tug of war here and  we have unhappy Venus approaching as well, we are in for emotional times and earthquake times. Jupiter also is quincunx Chiron, are ganging up against Jupiter.  Mercury is a bit behind not to be ignored but accelerates having heard the rumours to join in the party in Pisces and then by mid March in Aries. So tense times but Jupiter is strong and we will overcome. :)
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5.7-magnitude quake strikes Lake Tanganyika region

Johannesburg - A 5.7-magnitude earthquake hit near Africa's Lake Tanganyika early on Friday, the US Geological Survey said, with the epicentre in northern Zambia.
The quake, which was 10km deep, struck at 00:32 GMT about 45km from the Zambian town of Kaputa, which lies near the borders of Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
In December 2005, a powerful earthquake struck the Lake Tanganyika region of East Africa.
That 6.8-magnitude quake shook buildings in cities throughout the east and central African region.
Much of the eastern African region lies in the Great Rift Valley, a massive geographical feature created by shifting of tectonic plates and volcanic activity.

http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/57-magnitude-quake-strikes-lake-tanganyika-region-20170224
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Mysterious large, white 'globster' washes ashore in the Philippines

A big, white, "hairy" sea creature has washed up on a beach in the Philippines to boggle the minds of denizens and netizens.
The unknown creature of the deep washed ashore at Cagdaiano on Dinagat Island.
Locals flocked to the beach to see the unknown and unusual creature that showed up following an earthquake on Sunday.

The 'beast' came ashore following Sunday's earthquake.
People were baffled by the creature.
It is one of a number of strange things spotted around the Philippine islands, with images being shared online and going viral.
Some have suggested the creature looked like a big wet shaggy dog or a polar bear.

People did not know what the 'globster' was.
Some have suggested the mass could be a big, wet, hairy dog.
But there is a more likely explanation for the "globster" – the official name given to an unidentified mass that washes up on a beach.
The gelatinous beast is likely to be the rotting carcass of a whale, the Daily Mail reports.

Turns out it was a whale that had been decomposing in the brine.
It is thought the mass of carrion was a living creature only two weeks ago before it was likely struck and killed by a ship.Its remains had likely been decomposing in the sea before coming to rest on the beach.


https://au.news.yahoo.com/world/a/34490705/mysterious-large-white-globster-washes-ashore-on-philippines-beach/#page1
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Philippines: NDRRMC SitRep No. 14 re Effects of Magnitude 6.7 Earthquake in Surigao City, Surigao del Norte

Date: 24 February 2017, 8:00 AM
Report from the Government of Philippines.

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
At 10:03 PM on 10 February 2017, Friday, a strong earthquake of magnitude 6.7 shook the island of Mindanao. The epicenter is located 16 km offshore northwest of Surigao City, Surigao Strait with a depth of 10 km. The earthquake was generated by the movement of Surigao segment of the Philippine Fault. Small-magnitude earthquakes followed afterwards, and as of 6:00 AM of 21 February 2017, 227 aftershocks have been recorded by the PHIVOLCS seismic monitoring network.
Based on preliminary intensity reports, the strongest ground shaking was felt at PHIVOLCS Earthquake Intensity Scale (PEIS) VII (Destructive) in Surigao City. Furthermore, the municipalities of Pintuyan in Southern Leyte, and San Francisco and Malimono in Surigao del Norte experienced the ground shaking at PEIS VI (Very Strong), while the municipalities of Mainit and Placer in Surigao Del Norte, Libjo and Sari Jose in Dinagat Island, San Ricardo, Limasawa and San Francisco in Southern Leyte and Manduae City felt the shaking at PEIS V (Strong). This earthquake was felt PEIS IV to I as far as 250 km away (Butuan City, Ormoc City, Tacloban City, Catbalogan City, Bislig City, Cebu City, Cagayan De Oro City, Dumaguete City and Tagbilaran City) from the epicentral area. The strong ground shaking near the epicentral area resulted to damages to some buildings, roads and bridges.
II. EFFECTS
A. AFFECTED POPULATION
  1. A total of 6,472 families / 32,360 persons were affected in 82 barangays in the province of Surigao del Norte and a total of 1,567 families / 7,835 persons are served outside evacuation centers.

I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
At 10:03 PM on 10 February 2017, Friday, a strong earthquake of magnitude 6.7 shook the island of Mindanao. The epicenter is located 16 km offshore northwest of Surigao City, Surigao Strait with a depth of 10 km. The earthquake was generated by the movement of Surigao segment of the Philippine Fault. Small-magnitude earthquakes followed afterwards, and as of 6:00 AM of 21 February 2017, 227 aftershocks have been recorded by the PHIVOLCS seismic monitoring network.
Based on preliminary intensity reports, the strongest ground shaking was felt at PHIVOLCS Earthquake Intensity Scale (PEIS) VII (Destructive) in Surigao City. Furthermore, the municipalities of Pintuyan in Southern Leyte, and San Francisco and Malimono in Surigao del Norte experienced the ground shaking at PEIS VI (Very Strong), while the municipalities of Mainit and Placer in Surigao Del Norte, Libjo and Sari Jose in Dinagat Island, San Ricardo, Limasawa and San Francisco in Southern Leyte and Manduae City felt the shaking at PEIS V (Strong). This earthquake was felt PEIS IV to I as far as 250 km away (Butuan City, Ormoc City, Tacloban City, Catbalogan City, Bislig City, Cebu City, Cagayan De Oro City, Dumaguete City and Tagbilaran City) from the epicentral area. The strong ground shaking near the epicentral area resulted to damages to some buildings, roads and bridges.
II. EFFECTS
A. AFFECTED POPULATION
  1. A total of 6,472 families / 32,360 persons were affected in 82 barangays in the province of Surigao del Norte and a total of 1,567 families / 7,835 persons are served outside evacuation centers.
 http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/UPDATE_Sitrep_14_Earthquake.pdf

http://reliefweb.int/report/philippines/philippines-ndrrmc-sitrep-no-14-re-effects-magnitude-67-earthquake-surigao-city
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'Quake-Weather 26th February 2017': A Global Earthquake Review

In this and similar reports we will be examining the global "earthquake weather", and we will be reporting where on the world our technique shows higher probability of siesmic vulnerability. Although we can do this for each and every one country by now, due to time contraints, the nature of the research, (we will be testing variant ideas), we will be listing out a few across the world. We hope this is useful to you, and certainly it will help us improve our techniques.

Using our methods we can deduce that for 26th February 2017, the following quakeweather and the following regions appear to be vulnerable to siesmic activity. Our experience shows that the time event tolerance can be +-1 day, and therefore it is worth keeping the list for 2 days as an event in the list could sometimes materialise the next day and sometimes the late hours of the previous day.

GLOBAL QUAKEWEATHER OVERVIEW: 
New Moon Day on February 26th is a day where we expect a similar earthquake activity compared to 25rd February.   Notable Geocentric Aspects are Mars conjunct Uranus, Sun conjunct Moon. Heliocentrically, we have Venus trine Saturn, EARTH sesquiquadrate Uranus.
The following are some coordinates we produced using our methods.

AMERICAS:
  • British Columbia (47.5N, 124W)
  • California (38N, 123W)
  • Mexico (24.5N, 107.3W)
  • Puerto Rico (17N, 64W)

EUROPE: Quiet really, we could see more activity perhaps in Greece 
  • Greece (38.2N, 20.6E) (39.3N, 26.2E)
  • Turkey (38.5N,  42E) 

ASIA/AUSTRALIA:   The possible countries which could come up are shown below.
  • Indonesia (10.5S,  124E)
  • Solomon Islands (11.5S, 161E, 158E)
  • PNG (4.6S, 152.2E) (8S,145.5E)
  • Taiwan (25N, 122E)
  • Japan (38.2N, 141.3E) 
  • N Zealand (41.2S, 175.5E)
  • Fiji (17.1S, 177.5E)
  • Tonga (22S, 176W)
  • Bangladesh (22N, 91.3E, 93E)



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Thursday, February 23, 2017

'Quake-Weather 25th February 2017': A Global Earthquake Review


In this and similar reports we will be examining the global "earthquake weather", and we will be reporting where on the world our technique shows higher probability of siesmic vulnerability. Although we can do this for each and every one country by now, due to time contraints, the nature of the research, (we will be testing variant ideas), we will be listing out a few across the world. We hope this is useful to you, and certainly it will help us improve our techniques.

Using our methods we can deduce that for 25th February 2017, the following quakeweather and the following regions appear to be vulnerable to siesmic activity. Our experience shows that the time event tolerance can be +-1 day, and therefore it is worth keeping the list for 2 days as an event in the list could sometimes materialise the next day and sometimes the late hours of the previous day.

GLOBAL QUAKEWEATHER OVERVIEW: 
February 25th is a day where we expect a similar or less earthquake activity compared to 24rd February.   Notable Geocentric Aspects are Sun Semisquare Uranus and sesquadrate Jupiter. Heliocentrically, we have Venus trine Mars.
The following are some coordinates we produced using our methods.

AMERICAS:
  • Oklahoma (37N,  97W)
  • Chile (19.1S, 70.4W)
  • Mexico (24N, 110W)
  • Bolivia (20S, 65W)
  • Kamtchatka (48N,155E)

EUROPE: Quiet really, we could see more activity perhaps in Greece 
  • Greece (37N, 22E)
  • Italy (43N, 13E) 
  • Turkey (41N, 37E, 41E) 
  • Albania (41N, 20E)

ASIA/AUSTRALIA:   The possible countries which could come up are shown below.
  • Indonesia (7S, 112E, 127E)
  • Solomon Islands (7S, 155E, 157E)
  • PNG (6S, 142E)
  • Taiwan (26N, 123E)
  • Japan (34.2N, 142E) 
  • N Zealand (41.2S, 172.5E)
  • Philippines (7N, 123E)
  • Vanuatu (20S, 172E)
  • Afghanistan (32N, 65E) (36N, 69E, 67E)
  • Iran (37N, 52E)



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'Quake-Weather 24th February 2017': A Global Earthquake Review






In this and similar reports we will be examining the global "earthquake weather", and we will be reporting where on the world our technique shows higher probability of siesmic vulnerability. Although we can do this for each and every one country by now, due to time contraints, the nature of the research, (we will be testing variant ideas), we will be listing out a few across the world. We hope this is useful to you, and certainly it will help us improve our techniques.

Using our methods we can deduce that for 24th February 2017, the following quakeweather and the following regions appear to be vulnerable to siesmic activity. Our experience shows that the time event tolerance can be +-1 day, and therefore it is worth keeping the list for 2 days as an event in the list could sometimes materialise the next day and sometimes the late hours of the previous day.

GLOBAL QUAKEWEATHER OVERVIEW: 
February 24th is a day where we expect an increase of earthquake activity compared to 23rd February.   Notable Geocentric Aspects are Mercury Sextile Saturn, semisquare Venus. Heliocentrically, we have Venus square Mars, Mars trine Pluto.
The following are some coordinates we produced using our methods.

AMERICAS:
  • California  (39.7N, 123.7W)
  • Chile (19.1S, 70.4W)
  • Ecuador (4.4S, 78.9W)

EUROPE: Quiet really, we could see more activity perhaps in Greece 
  • France (47.9N, 4W)
  • Greece (39N, 22E) (39N, 26E) (35N, 25E)
  • Italy (43N, 13E) 
  • Bosphorus (41N, 29E) 
  • Romania (47.8N, 24E)

ASIA/AUSTRALIA:   The possible countries which could come up are shown below.
  • Indonesia (4.6S, 123.9E)
  • Fiji (19.2S, 174E)
  • Solomon Islands (10S, 160E) (4.6S, 153.1E)
  • PNG (-4.7S, 145E)
  • Taiwan (25.7N, 123E)
  • Japan (34.2N, 139.3E) 
  • N Zealand (41.2S, 174.5E)



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Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Drones to be mobilized for New Madrid earthquake response

Amid the confusion and pandemonium that would follow a major earthquake, Memphis-area emergency-response officials plan to deploy drones to check for collapsed buildings and bridges, locate fires and guide rescue crews.
Toward that end, the Central United States Earthquake Consortium, a Memphis-based agency charged with helping prepare and eight-state region for temblors on the New Madrid Seismic Zone, has begun developing a network of licensed drone pilots to aid in quake-response efforts. On Thursday, CUSEC will convene an initial meeting of prospective participants.
"We're going to use their insights into determining how to build this (network)," said Jim Wilkinson, executive director of CUSEC.
The use of drones following disasters is not new. For instance, when a sinkhole opened up beneath the National Corvette Museum in Bowling Green, Kentucky, three years ago, drones descended into the cavern to relay images of the vehicles that fell into it.
In the aftermath of an earthquake, the remote-controlled vehicles would be especially useful, officials say, because information would be limited by disruptions in communication systems.
"These are no-notice events. It takes time to figure out what occurred," Wilkinson said. The possible applications of drones "would be endless," he added.
Christine Powell, a professor at the University of Memphis' Center for Earthquake Research and Information, is working with CUSEC on the drone initiative. She said that amid the "chaos" following a major quake it would be difficult, without drones, to know which bridges and roads are impassable and where people might be trapped in damaged buildings or threatened by fires.
"The communications system will probably not be that great," Powell said. "Usually, you're down to satellite phones and ham radios."
The video transmitted by drones could be "invaluable in saving lives," she said.
The New Madrid zone is a zig-zagging network of faults that generally follow the Mississippi River from near Cairo, Illinois, into Eastern Arkansas. In late 1811 and early 1812, the zone produced a series of some of the most powerful quakes known to have struck east of the Rockies. Archaeological and geological evidence suggests the major temblors occur in the New Madrid every 500 or so years, although scientists aren't sure what causes them.
Any drone network established to respond to quakes would have to adhere to new federal regulations. Last year, the Federal Aviation Administration issued rules requiring licenses for commercial drone pilots, and the agency also prohibits commercial drone flights inside controlled air space without its approval.
Wesley Flint, a drone operator who is participating in Thursday's meeting, said officials would need to either negotiate a prior agreement with the FAA or have in place a system to obtain expedited approval for flights in controlled air space after a quake.
But once deployed, drones could transmit high-definition images of quake damage, said Flint, owner-operator of Precision Aerial Imaging in Olive Branch. "As long as we have some communication, I could send them (emergency-responders) live footage," he said.

http://www.commercialappeal.com/story/news/government/2017/02/22/drones-mobilzed-new-madrid-earthquake-response/98247324/
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Gigantic ‘sea serpents’ are washing up on beaches and no-one can explain why

Sightings of 30ft creatures prompt claims they are "sea messengers" that can predict earthquakes
MYSTERIOUS sea serpents have found themselves at a centre of a conspiracy theory that suggests they can predict earthquakes.
Several of the massive sea serpents washed up on the shore of the Philippines just before a killer earthquake tore through one of the islands.Legends refer to the oarfish as ‘sea messengers’
The little known bony fish were found ahead of the deadly 6.5 quake that devastated Mindanao Island on February 8.
In one instance, a 10-foot long oarfish washed up onto a beach on the island just two days before, and another was caught by fisherman.
Five more oarfish were found off Mindanao’s northern coast in the days following the natural disaster.


An oarfish was found ashore in Barangay Rojales, Carmen, Agusan del Norte, on February 15

An oarfish was found ashore in Barangay Rojales, Carmen, Agusan del Norte, on February 15
Little is known about the long serpent-like creature

Little is known about the long serpent-like creature
Children pose with the oarfish in pictures posted on Facebook
Elesa Rosé Jane Allocod

Children pose with the oarfish in pictures posted on Facebook 
 
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/2929792/gigantic-sea-serpents-are-washing-up-on-beaches-and-no-one-can-explain-why/ 
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How to track down an earthquake that happened 420 million years ago using precious stones

Garnets took in radioactive impurities when an earthquake shattered them, allowing geologists to put a date on the event.
A collision of the continents that became modern-day Greenland and North America on one side and Europe on the other caused massive seismic activity 420 million years ago, garnets found in Norway reveal.
There are few geological signs that can be used to identify an earthquake that happened hundreds of millions of years ago. One way is finding melted rock surfaces at the fault where two parts of the crust leapt past each other, releasing enough heat to melt the rock into a mirror-like surface. However, these surfaces often degrade as they become closer to the surface over geological time.
A new marker that can be used to find ancient earthquake sites is in garnets, according to a paper published in the journal Science Advances. Garnets – which are formed deep in the Earth's mantle – are usually a deep red or orange precious stone.
If garnets are found in rock next to the fault, they are blasted by extremely high temperatures and pressures during an earthquake.
"This affects the garnet to such an extent that individual crystals break down into hundreds or thousands of parts, but the stone retains its overall shape," study author Bjørn Jamtveit of the University of Oslo told IBTimes UK.
As the garnet stones shatter, they take in debris and other minerals. "During the earthquake there were new minerals forming and the growth of these minerals so these captured some uranium."
Radioactive uranium decays to lead, so by measuring the amount of lead in garnet stones that had been buried about 50 kilometres beneath the surface, towards the bottom of the Earth's crust, the researchers could put a date on the event of the earthquake.
The amount of slippage between layers of rock could also give an indication of how large the earthquake was.
Earthquake slip
The z-shaped darker rock shows the slip where layers of rock moved past each other during the prehistoric earthquake.
"The slip is of half a metre or so, suggesting an earthquake of about magnitude 6 or 6.5 – quite a significant earthquake," Jamtveit said. "There were no humans living 420 million years ago, but the animals at the surface of the Earth would have been able to feel it."
Using garnets could allow researchers to discover further ancient earthquakes.
"This is something we can use later to look at some other rocks if we didn't know whether or not there had been an earthquake," Jamtveit said. "It's a new kind of marker. And one that's especially useful to look in earthquakes happening so far down."
Garnet
 An image of partly fragmented garnet crystal located in the wall rock about two millimeters from the earthquake slip surface

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/how-track-down-earthquake-that-happened-420-million-years-ago-using-precious-stones-1608006
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'Quake-Weather 23rd February 2017': A Global Earthquake Review




In this and similar reports we will be examining the global "earthquake weather", and we will be reporting where on the world our technique shows higher probability of siesmic vulnerability. Although we can do this for each and every one country by now, due to time contraints, the nature of the research, (we will be testing variant ideas), we will be listing out a few across the world. We hope this is useful to you, and certainly it will help us improve our techniques.

Using our methods we can deduce that for 23rd February 2017, the following quakeweather and the following regions appear to be vulnerable to siesmic activity. Our experience shows that the time event tolerance can be +-1 day, and therefore it is worth keeping the list for 2 days as an event in the list could sometimes materialise the next day and sometimes the late hours of the previous day.

GLOBAL QUAKEWEATHER OVERVIEW: 
February 23rd is a day where we expect an increase of earthquake activity compared to 22nd February.   Notable Geocentric Aspects are Mercury Sextile Saturn, semisquare Venus. Heliocentrically, we have Venus quincunx Pluto, and Pluto trine Mars.
The following are some coordinates we produced using our methods.

AMERICAS:
  • California  (39.7N, 123.7W)
  • Mexico  (19N, 100W)
  • Chile (19.1S, 70.4W)
  • Peru  (10.1S, 79.2W)
  • Ecuador (4.6S, 79.1W)
  • British Columbia (49.2N, 123.9W) (55N, 129.6W)

EUROPE: Quiet really, we could see more activity perhaps in Greece 
  • Albania  (40N,  20E), 
  • Greece (34.9N, 24E, 25E)
  • Italy (43N, 13E)

ASIA/AUSTRALIA:   The possible countries which could come up are shown below.
  • Iran (33.8N, 49.1E), (34N, 55.1E)
  • Afghanistan 33.8N, 124.1E)
  • Solomon Islands (10S, 160E) (5.2S
    , 154.6E)
  • Philippines (10.5N, 124.4E)
  • Taiwan (24N, 121E)
  • Tonga (20S, 174W)
  • Japan (35N, 139E) 
  • N Zealand (41S, 174E)
  • Tajikistan (39.8N, 70.1E)



Read more..

Does this fish predict earthquakes?

Every couple of years, a mysterious rare fish that resembles a serpent washes upon some beach, generating buzz about the bony sea creature and worries about earthquakes until it fades from memory again. In what National Geographic pegs as a "poorly understood phenomenon," it's happened again, this time in the Philippines.

 People on the shore of Carmen in Agusan del Norte plucked a dead oarfish—aka Regalecus glesne, or the "king of herrings"—from the waters Wednesday, just days after a fisherman had found another one not far from that spot. And the SunStar notes four others have been retrieved in the Philippines since January, including one that was initially found alive in Cagayan de Oro on Saturday, though it later died.
A Facebook post from Wednesday shows images of the oarfish pulled onto the Carmen beach, with smiling beachgoers holding the outstretched fish for photo ops. The oarfish—which can grow to over 30 feet in length—is seldom spotted because it usually lives up to 3,300 feet deep in the ocean. While scientists are puzzled as to why they occasionally pop up on the surface near land, and subsequently perish, they think it may have something to do with the wind and powerful currents. Longheld anecdotal evidence links the surfacing of the oarfish to subsequent earthquakes—the Mirror notes it is sometimes called "the messenger of the sea god"—but whether there's any scientific grounding to that remains unclear because of a lack of research.
"The intrigue remains," observes the Geographic.
(The earthquake theory goes back a long way in Japan.)
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The science of earthquakes explained

Earthquakes can cause immense damage to buildings and infrastructure, trigger tsunamis, and reshape the Earth's surface with their force.
Each year, seismology bodies record tens of thousands of earthquakes, with some parts of the world at far greater risk of a damaging quake than others.
But how do earthquakes begin — and why are some much more devastating than others?

How do earthquakes start?

The seeds of an earthquake lie in the tectonic plates that make up the Earth's surface and on which the continents sit.
These plates are ever-so-slowly moving — typically a couple of centimetres a year — as they float on the planet's liquid mantle.
These miniscule movements mean plates are either colliding (converging), moving away from (diverging) or sliding past (transforming) one another.
It's that movement at the plate boundaries that's responsible for most earthquakes.

The most active earthquake zone on the planet is the Pacific rim, which is also known as the "Ring of Fire" and includes New Zealand, Indonesia, Japan, the Alaskan peninsula, and the west coasts of North and South America.
Many of these countries lie along the Pacific plate, which is simultaneously colliding with its neighbouring plates and moving alongside or away from them at other points.
It's for this reason that the largest earthquakes often occur in these countries.
Another high risk area is Italy, which lies on the boundary of the convergent African and Eurasian plates. Nearby, Turkey sits on top of the meeting point of those same two plates and the Arabian plate, another seismically active area.
Nepal and India are also earthquake hotspots because of the collision of the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate, a process which formed the Himalayas.

What are the most powerful types of earthquakes?

The largest earthquakes happen where one plate collides and slips under another (a megathrust earthquake) or collides with and slips past another (slip-strike earthquake)

Megathrust earthquakes


"[Megathrust] quakes that can be some of the largest that we've seen," Geoscience Australia seismologist Dr Trevor Allen said.
These include the magnitude-9.1 Sumatran earthquake in 2004, which triggered a series of tsunamis that hit coastlines across the Indian Ocean and killed at least 230,000 people, and the magnitude-9 Japanese earthquake in 2011 that also generated a large tsunami and led to the meltdown of three reactors at the Fukushima power plant.
They occur when the plates collide and lock together forcing one plate below the other. This causes stress to build up until it's released with often devastating force.
"Once the strain reaches a certain point, that locked section of the subduction interface will break and that's effectively what the earthquake is," Dr Allen said.

Slip-strike earthquakes

A separate type of earthquake is caused by a transform fault, also known as a strike-slip fault, which involves two plates sliding past each other, rather than pulling away or pushing together.
"The most common example of that is the San Andreas fault, where the Pacific plate is moving northwards relative to the North American plate at a rate of about five centimetres a year," Dr Allen said.

He said strike-slip earthquakes can be very large — up to magnitude 8 — and leave plates ten metres away horizontally from where they previously stood.
Other transform faults include the Alpine Fault in New Zealand, which runs along its South Island, the North Anatolian Fault, in Turkey, and the Queen Charlotte Fault in North America.

What happens when the plates move apart?

When plates move apart, molten lava breaches the Earth's crust to create new land, ocean floor, and volcanoes.

It's for that reason Iceland — which sits on the divergent boundary of the European and North American plates — is known for having lots of volcanoes which have bubbled up over thousands of years while the plates move apart.
Divergent boundaries can also generate earthquakes, but they usually aren't as powerful as those that happen on convergent boundaries.
"Historically, we haven't seen very large earthquakes in these environments, but that doesn't mean they can't occur. We've seen roughly up to [magnitude] 7.5 or so," Dr Allen said.
"In the subduction case, the stresses are compressive, whereas in the divergent case the stresses are tensional. They're the same types of stresses but they're acting in opposite directions."

Can you get earthquakes in the middle of a tectonic plate?

Earthquakes occasionally occur away from plate boundaries in areas such as India, the western United States and Australia.
One of the most devastating of these, the 2001 Gujarat earthquake, reached 7.7 on the magnitude scale.
We're not really sure what causes these so-called intraplate earthquakes. One recent study suggested they may they may be triggered by the rise and fall of hot material through the Earth's mantle — a layer that sits between the crust and the upper core.

How is the strength of an earthquake measured?

Earthquakes are measured using a network of seismometers, instruments that record the motion of the Earth as it vibrates or shakes.
Many countries have hundreds or thousands of seismometers, allowing them to accurately predict the size and location of an earthquake using a process of triangulation.
The maximum motion of the earthquake measured by these seismometers is then used in calculating the earthquake's magnitude, which signifies the amount of energy released by the quake.
There's no theoretical upper limit to the magnitude scale, though limitations in the amount of energy that can build up in plate compression mean it's unlikely there'd ever be a quake above magnitude 10 on Earth.
Every time the magnitude increases by one — like from magnitude 5 to magnitude 6 — there's a 30-fold increase in the amount of energy released by the quake.
But magnitude will not always predict how destructive an earthquake will be, because it also depends on where the earthquake occurs and at what depth its hypocentre is.
The hypocentre of an earthquake is the point in the Earth at which a rupture actually starts, which could be kilometres below the surface, while the epicentre is the point on the surface vertically above the hypocentre.
The more shallow the hypocentre of the earthquake, the greater the shaking at the Earth's surface. Seismic waves that are generated deeper below the Earth's surface have further to travel and thus lose their power along the way.

How frequent are the biggest earthquakes?

GIF: Landslides triggered by earthquakes north-east of Christchurch, NZ

The largest earthquake ever recorded was a magnitude 9.4 - 9.6 quake near Valdivia, Chile in 1960.
From 1990 to 2015, an earthquake above magnitude 8 occurred once a year on average.
No single year had more than two earthquakes above magnitude 8 except for 2007, with quakes in the Solomon Islands, Peru, Indonesia, and near the Kuril Islands.
Earthquakes below magnitude 8 can still be highly destructive depending on the region in which they occur, and United States Geological Survey (USGS) data says an average of 17 earthquakes between magnitude 7 and 7.9 occur globally each year.
Earthquakes above magnitude 4 can cause destructive landslides and avalanches, such as those recently seen in New Zealand and Italy. The larger the magnitude of the earthquake the greater the area over which landslides can occur.

Can you predict an earthquake?


Scientists are not currently able to predict when a particular earthquake will happen. What seismology agencies can do is calculate the risk of an earthquake occurring in a particular area based on how frequently it has happened in the past, combined with a knowledge of faults that exist in that area.
Seismologists use these probabilities to calculate hazard maps and models that show regions where an earthquake is likely to occur.
USGS has used its model to forecast a 76 per cent probability of a magnitude 7 earthquake occurring in the next 30 years in northern California, and a 93 per cent probability of one occurring in the greater California region.
These earthquake hazard models are also used to determine building codes.

Do earthquakes have a domino effect?

It will not always be the case that a large earthquake will trigger subsequent earthquakes, but Dr Allen says it is not unusual either.
When a fault ruptures, the stress placed on that part of the fault is relieved, but additional stress can be placed on adjacent parts of the fault that have not moved with it.
"In the 2010/2011 Christchurch earthquake sequence, we saw there was a very large earthquake that occurred in September 2010, and was preceded by a very active aftershock sequence, and we continued to see large earthquakes gradually migrating along a network of faults from the west to the east," Dr Allen said.
"Once the earthquake has ruptured the fault it will put additional loads or stresses on adjacent areas and the aftershocks are the Earth's crust trying to relieve those stresses and come back to an equilibrium state."
These aftershocks have the potential to further damage already weakened structures and can often be as dangerous as the main earthquake.

Where do the worst losses of life happen?


While countries like Chile and Japan are prone to severe earthquakes, the loss of life in those disasters is often far less than in developing countries, even when the earthquake is considered more severe.
Dr Allen said developing countries have lower compliance with building codes that protect structures from earthquakes, leaving homes and other buildings vulnerable.
He said regions of South America and the Middle East also have a greater tendency to be built with adobe bricks (typically made with mud) and other masonry that isn't resilient to an earthquake.
"They're quite brittle structures and whenever they experience ground shaking they will tend to fail," he said.
Building codes in Europe are stronger than those in developing countries, but historical buildings that haven't been retrofitted to protect them from ground shaking remain vulnerable when an earthquake hits.

 http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-02-22/the-science-of-earthquakes/8163686
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Oi reactors get OK for restart

TOKYO (Jiji Press) — The Nuclear Regulation Authority adopted on Wednesday a report effectively confirming that the No. 3 and No. 4 reactors at the Oi nuclear power plant in Fukui Prefecture cleared the authority’s safety screening.
If the two reactors at the plant in the prefecture pass remaining examinations and inspections, the plant operator, Kansai Electric Power Co., will work to bring them back online by the end of the year, despite lingering concerns about their actual earthquake resistance capabilities.
The NRA has now adopted safety confirmation reports for 12 reactors at six power plants

http://asia.nikkei.com/Politics-Economy/Policy-Politics/2-more-nuclear-reactors-effectively-clear-regulator-s-safety-review
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